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× Questions about A810/1610/2410 Advanced Analog Interface Card


12 years 9 months ago #6088 by lisa.gao
1. HardwareSetting
To set theA2410P/AE2410P, user MUST go through these steps:
1) Checking powersupply: Board must be provided power, please plug the power supply cable intopower supply connector.

2) Splitting theRJ45 to RJ11: User has to use a splitter to split RJ45 interface to four RJ11 normaltelephone line.
And please connect PSTNline into FXO port and telephone into FXS port.

2. SoftwareInstalltion and Configuration
A2410P/AE2410P supports zaptel software device driveron Linux. To use A2410P/AE2410P, user must download, edit, install andconfigure zaptel and asterisk.

2.1Download asterisk, zaptel, driver and firmware

1. Asterisk can bedownloaded from:

2. Zaptel can bedownloaded from:
If user download zaptelfrom link 1, jump to 2.3

If user downloads zaptelfrom link 2, please follow these steps.

3. DownloadA2410P/AE2410P driver from:

copy the tar fileto /zaptel-xx/kernel/

4. If user usesAE2410P, user should download firmware from:
tar –xzvf opvx-zaptel-fw-oct6114-032-1.07.01.tar.gz
cp zaptel-fw-oct6114-032.bin/lib/firmware/
mkdir /usr/lib/hotplug/firmware
mv zaptel-fw-oct6114-032.bin/usr/lib/hotplug/firmware

2.2 Edit the configure file
To edit theconfigure file, user must follow these steps:

1. Add opvxa24xx in /usr/src/zaptel-xx/Makefile
add opvxa24xxshown in red

TOPDIR_MODULES:=pciradiotor2 torisa wcfxo wct1xxp wctdm wcte11xp wcusb zaptel ztd-eth ztd-loc ztdummyztdynamic zttranscode
SUBDIR_MODULES:=wct4xxpwctc4xxp xpp wctdm24xxp wcte12xp opvxa24xx


2. Add opvxa24xx in /usr/src/zaptel-xx/zaptel.sysconfig

# Zaptel Timing OnlyInterface

# Xorcom Astribank Device

MODULES="$MODULESopvxa24xx" # OpenVox A2410P -Modular FXS/FXO interface (1-24 ports)


3. Add opvxa24xxin /usr/src/zaptel-xx/kernel/xpp/utils/genzaptelconf

# The rest of thelines are per-channel lines
sed -e 1,2d$procfile | \
while read line

# in case this is a real channel.

chan_num=`echo $line |awk '{print $1}'`

case "$line" in

*WCTDM/* | *\ WRTDM/* | *OPVXA1200/*

# TDM400P/2400P and similar cards(Sangoma A200, OpenVox A1200)

# this can be either FXS or FXO


Before installing zapteland asterisk, please make sure that some supporting packages have been installed.

Note that if thereis no kernel source in the system, user should install them. User can run yumagain: yum install kernel-devel.
It is time tocheck for the availability of some supporting packages:
rpm -q bison
rpm -q bison-devel
rpm -q ncurses
rpm -q ncurses-devel
rpm -q zlib

rpm -q zlib-devel
rpm -q openssl
rpm -q openssl-devel
rpm -q gnutls-devel
rpm -q gcc // confirm GCC-4.0 above
rpm -q gcc-c++

If any of those packages are not installed, please install them by using yum

yum install bison
yum install bison-devel
yum install ncurses
yum install ncurses-devel
yum install zlib
yum install zlib-devel
yum install openssl
yum install openssl-devel
yum install gnutls-devel
yum install gcc // install GCC-4.0above
yum install gcc-c++

User can install thedriver via the following steps (assuming user has the source code of zapteldevice driver installed in /usr/src/zaptel-XX directory):

1. Checking the A2410P/AE2410Phardware by command: lspci –vvvvv
From the following,user can see that there is a device called communication controller interfacebe found.

01:01.0Communication controller: Unknown device 1b74:2410 (rev 01)

Subsystem: Unknown device 1b74:0001

Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-

Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B-ParErr- DEVSEL=slow >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR-

Latency: 64, Cache Line Size: 16 bytes

Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 50

Region 0: Memory at dcd00000 (32-bit,non-prefetchable) [size=1M]


2. Compiling
1) Install zaptel,execute the commands:
cd /usr/src/zaptel-XX
make install
make config

2) Installing asterisk
cd /usr/src/asterisk-XX
make install

make config

i] Last edited by lisa.gao at 2010-9-1 13:34 [/i

12 years 9 months ago #6089 by lisa.gao
2.4 Configure
1. Loading modules for opvxa24xx:
modprobe zaptel
modprobe opvxa24xx opermode=YOUR COUNTRY
ztcfg –vvvv
Then run dmesg
If user uses AE2410P, user can find EC module has been detected.
OpenVox A2410P version: 1.0
Module 0: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 1: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 2: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 3: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 4: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 5: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 6: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 7: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 8: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 9: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 10: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 11: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 12: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 13: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 14: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 15: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 16: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 17: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 18: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 19: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
Module 20: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 21: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 22: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Module 23: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
Openvox VPM: echo cancellation supports 32 channels
Openvox VPM: echo cancellation for 32 channels

Openvox VPM: hardware DTMF disabled.
Openvox VPM: Present and operational servicing 1 span(s)

2. Checking the configure files
The command genzaptelconf will automatically generate the zaptel.conf under /etc and zapata-channels.conf under /etc/asterisk. Please check the setting of zaptel.conf, it looks like the following:
# Autogenerated by /usr/sbin/genzaptelconf -- do not hand edit
# Zaptel Configuration File
# This file is parsed by the Zaptel Configurator, ztcfg

# It must be in the module loading order

# Span 1: ZTDUMMY/1 "ZTDUMMY/1 (source: RTC) 1" (MASTER)

# Span 2: OPVXA24XX/0 "OpenVox A2410 Board 1"

# Global data

loadzone = us ;Please change to your country
defaultzone = us ;Please change to your country

Edit /etc/asterisk/indications.conf
country = us ;Please change to your country

After loading zaptel and opvxa24xx driver, user should check the zapata.conf and zapata-channels.conf under /etc/asterisk. Please make sure zapata-channels.conf has been included into zapata.conf. If not, run the command:
echo "#include zapata-channels.conf" >> /etc/asterisk/zapata.conf
Make sure that the context in zapata-channels.conf should exist in extensions.conf. File zapata-channels.conf should look like the following:
FXO ports use FXS signaling, the configure file looks like this:
; Autogenerated by /usr/sbin/genzaptelconf -- do not hand edit
; Zaptel Channels Configurations (zapata.conf)
; This is not intended to be a complete zapata.conf. Rather, it is intended
; to be #include-d by /etc/zapata.conf that will include the global settings

; Span 1: ZTDUMMY/1 "ZTDUMMY/1 (source: RTC) 1" (MASTER)

; Span 2: OPVXA24XX/0 "OpenVox A2410 Board 1"
;;; line="1 OPVXA24XX/0/0 RED"
channel => 1

;;; line="2 OPVXA24XX/0/1 RED"
channel => 2

FXS ports use FXO signalling, the configure file looks like this:
;;; line="5 OPVXA24XX0/4"
callerid="Channel 5" <6005>
channel => 5

;;; line="6 OPVXA24XX/0/5"
callerid="Channel 6" <6006>
channel => 6

3. Starting asterisk and test calls
Checking the zaptel channel loading from asterisk console:
asterisk –vvvvvvvgc
Entering asterisk console, run command: zap show channels. If zaptel channels can be shown, which means the zaptel channels have been loaded into asterisk.
*CLI> zap show channels
Chan Extension Context Language MOH Interpret
Pseudeo default default
1 from-pstn default
2 from-pstn default
3 from-pstn default
4 from-pstn default
5 from-internal default
6 from-internal default
7 from-internal default
8 from-internal default
9 from-pstn default
10 from-pstn default
11 from-pstn default
12 from-pstn default
13 from-internal default
14 from-internal default
15 from-internal default
16 from-internal default
17 from-pstn default
18 from-pstn default
19 from-pstn default
20 from-pstn default
21 from-internal default
22 from-internal default
23 from-internal default
24 from-internal default

When user makes an inbound call, CLI will show as the following:
-- Starting simple switch on 'Zap/4-1'
-- Executing [[email protected]:1] Answer("Zap/4-1", "") in new stack
-- Executing [[email protected]:2] BackGround("Zap/4-1", "demo-congrats") in new stack
-- Playing 'demo-congrats.gsm' (language 'en')
-- Executing [[email protected]:3] Hangup("Zap/4-1", "") in new stack
== Spawn extension (from-pstn, s, 3) exited non-zero on 'Zap/4-1'
Hungup 'Zap/4-1'

When user makes an outbound call, CLI will show as the following:
-- Starting simple switch on 'Zap/5-1'
-- Executing [[email protected]:1] Dial("Zap/5-1", "zap/4/910000") in new stack
-- Called 4/910000
-- Zap/4-1 answered Zap/5-1
-- Native bridging Zap/5-1 and Zap/4-1
-- Hungup 'Zap/4-1'
== Spawn extension (from-internal, 910000, 1) exited non-zero on 'Zap/5-1'
-- Hungup 'Zap/5-1'
The status of channel looks like the following. If user uses AE2410P, EC Status of active channel should be ON; otherwise it would be OFF.
*CLI> zap show channel 4
Channel: 4
File Descriptor: 16
Span: 2
Dialing: no
Context: from-pstn
Caller ID:
Calling TON: 0
Caller ID name:
Destroy: 0
InAlarm: 0
Signalling Type: FXS Kewlstart
Radio: 0
Owner: Zap/4-1
Real: Zap/4-1
Confno: -1
Propagated Conference: -1
Real in conference: 0
DSP: yes
Relax DTMF: no
Dialing/CallwaitCAS: 0/0
Default law: ulaw
Fax Handled: no
Pulse phone: no
Echo Cancellation: 128 taps, currently ON
Master Channel: 5
Actual Confinfo: Num/5, Mode/0x0009
Actual Confmute: No
Hookstate (FXS only): Offhook

Test environments are:
Kernel version: 2.6.18-194.el5
Zaptel: zaptel-1.4.12
Asterisk: 1.4.20
Hardware: OpenVox A2410P/AE2410P

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